Readings

STS 5404: Modern American Science • Required Articles and Chapters

Week 1, September 11 / Introduction

The book reviews you need for the short paper assignment are at Kohler reviews and Rosenberg reviews. (There is also a link to these reviews from the Short Paper page.)

Week 3, September 11 / Creating molecular biology: laboratories and communities

STS Backgrounder #1: Knorr Cetina, Karin. “Laboratory Studies: The Cultural Approach to the Study of Science.” Reprinted in Sheila Jasanoff et al, eds., The Handbook of Science and Technology Studies. Sage, 1995. 140-166.

Week 6, October 2 / Science policy: WWII as a turning point

STS Backgrounder #2: Cozzens, Susan E. and Edward J. Woodhouse (1994): “Science, Government, and the Politics of Knowledge.” In Sheila Jasanoff et al, eds., The Handbook of Science and Technology Studies. Sage, 1995. 533-554.

Smith, Bruce L. R. 1994. “The United States: The Formation and Breakdown of the Postwar Government-Science Compact.” In Scientists and the state: Domestic structures and the international context, edited by Etel Solingen. 33-61.

Goldberg, Stanley. 1996 (1992). “Inventing a Climate of Opinion: Vannevar Bush and the Decision to Build the Bomb.” In The scientific enterprise in America: Readings from Isis. Ronald L. Numbers and Charles E. Rosenberg, eds. University of Chicago Press. 1996. 273-296. (Isis 83 (1992):429-452.)

Bush, Vannevar. 1945. Science, The Endless Frontier. http://www.nsf.gov/od/lpa/nsf50/vbush1945.htm
(Backup pdf version here.)

Kevles, Daniel J. 1996 (1977). “The National Science Foundation and the Debate Over Postwar Research Policy, 1942-1945: A Political Interpretation of Science—The Endless Frontier.” In The scientific enterprise in America: Readings from Isis. Ronald L. Numbers and Charles E. Rosenberg, eds. University of Chicago Press. 1996. 297-319. (Isis 68 (1977).)

Week 7, October 9 / “Big Science” and its discontents

Capshew, James H. and Karen A. Rader. “Big Science: Price to the Present.” Osiris 2nd ser., 7 (1992): 2-25.

Selections from Galison & Hevly, Big Science:

a) Bruce Hevly, “Afterword: Reflections on big science and big history.” 355-363.

b) Peter Galison, Bruce Hevly, and Rebecca Lowen, “Controlling the monster: Stanford and the growth of physics research, 1935-1962.” 46-77.

c) S.S. Schweber, “Big science in context: Cornell and MIT.” 149-183.

Leslie, Stuart W. 1994. The Cold War and American Science: Columbia. Chapter 9, “The Days of Reckoning,” 233-256 +notes

Week 9, October 23 / Untold Stories and Missed Opportunities: Women Scientists in America

STS Backgrounder #3: Hess, David. 1997. “The Institutional Sociology of Science.” Chapter 3 of Science Studies: An Advanced Introduction, 52-80.

Week 10, October 30 / Women Scientists, part 2

STS Backgrounder #4: Kerr, E. Anne. 1998. “Toward a Feminist Natural Science: Linking Theory and Practice.” Reprinted in Muriel Lederman and Ingrid Bartsch, eds, The Gender and Science Reader. New York: Routledge, 2001. 386-406.

Week 12, November 13 / Nuclear physics, protest, and the politics of risk

STS Backgrounder #5: Foucault, Michel. 1980. Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972-1977. NY: Pantheon. Excerpt from “Truth and Power,” 127-133.

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